Processing new Layer 2 encapsulation
Emmanuel.Duros at udcast.com
Thu Dec 13 03:05:45 GMT 2001
Following the discussions of the (non-officiel) IPoDVB BoF, I have a
comment on how to support new Layer 2 encapsulation within an MPEG II
We have been working and implementing drivers from various DVB card
vendors. Many of these cards deliver the complete MPEG II transport to
The driver must then, perform the following functions:
- demultiplex the different PIDs from the MPEG II transport stream
- filter PIDs if necessary
- extract the MPE frame from each PID
- filter each MPE frame according to MAC destination address
- depending the LLC_SNAP deliver the payload of the MPE packet to the
right input queue (IPv4, IPv6, arp, etc)
As we may notice, most of the Layer 2 processing is performed in
software whereas it would be sensible to do it in hardware. For
instance, an Ethernetcard is capable to filter and discard undesired
ehternet frames without the help of its driver.
This has an obvious disadvantage, it is CPU time consuming since
filtering is performed in software.
However, it has one major advantage: any data type can be encapsulated
within the MPEG II transport stream. The reception hardware delivers the
MPEG II transport stream to the driver regardless to its content.
As a result, supporting a new MPE-like frame format would only require
to update the driver without changing the hardware/firmware. This might
be considered if new encapsulation schemes have to be defined...
Emmanuel Duros http://www.udcast.com
2455 Route des Dolines BP355 | Tel : +33 (0)4 93 00 16 60
06906 Sophia Antipolis France | Fax : +33 (0)4 93 00 16 61
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